In order to produce better yields, people who grow cannabis train their plants to grow into specific shapes and sizes. In order to get plants with an abundant number of buds, techniques such as LST, super cropping, firming, topping, and more are used.
There are many ways to control the shape and size of the plants. Advanced plant training techniques include ScrOG, SoG, defoliation, super cropping, main-lining, LST, FIMing, and topping. However, especially during the flowering stage, some grow patterns depend on the plant’s genetic code no matter which techniques you use to train them. To offset this, simply take control of how plant genetics are affecting your yield by selecting which cannabis strain you choose to use. You are more likely to great yields because you’ll be able to get the cannabis to grow the way you want it to grow.
Many cannabis growers, who grow both outdoors and indoors, keep their plants wide, bushy, and short instead of thin and tall. This decision ensures that each plant will get a sufficient amount of light. Light is plant food and it gives your cannabis the energy it needs to grow.
Cannabis Plants Require Light To Grow
One of the reasons that outdoor growers choose to train their plants is to increase the stealth of their operations as well as to boost yields. In order to survive, cannabis plants that are grown outside only require the direct light from the sun. However, outdoor growers have the added impetus of needing to keep their plants difficult to see from a distance as well as the desire to grow plants that have many buds.
When large quantities of cannabis are grown outdoors, each plant gets better access to the sun’s light when it is kept short and bushy. In order to keep their plants from growing too tall, outdoor growers must take action. Training methods that keep their cannabis plants shorter and bushier are one way to accomplish this.
Shorter plants are the best choice for stealth while bushiness increases the yield in outdoor plants.
Why short plants are preferred by indoor cannabis growers.
Plant yields increase when the majority of the plant is kept at the correct distance from the indoor grow lights. Growers use training methods like ScrOG, man-lining, FIMing, and topping to achieve a flat and even canopy underneath thee grow lights. This practice of training plants means that bigger yields are possible without having to buy more or better grow lights. Keeping plants the same height simply ensures that all of the buds get the maximum amount of light.
To repeat, when using grow lights maintaining a flat cannabis canopy inside of of growing area yields bigger harvests.
You might be wondering why cannabis plants do better when they are closer to the indoor growing lights. Physics has the answer. Indoor growing lights are based on the inverse square light law. Grow lights emit light that is different from the sun’s rays. Because the distance from the earth to the sun is so far, the effects of the inverse square law of light are not important. Plants receive the same amount of light from the sun no matter if they are tall or short,
[Diagram of the Inverse Square Law of Light Intensity] However, that law does make a difference when plants are grown indoors underneath grow lights. Plants receive less and less light from a grow light as they move farther away. This means that allowances have to be made to keep all of the plants at optimal distances from the grow lights.
You’ll need to check your particular type of grow light to determine what your a optimal distances are.
Here is more information about the various types of grow lights available for cannabis.
Powerful Grow Lights: High powered LEDs and MH/HPS grow lights are very powerful and extremely bright. If you choose to use one of these types of lights, you’ll need to position them further away from your plants. However, keep in mind that you’ll be able to cover a larger area when you choose more powerful lights. It is vital that you keep these lights far enough away from your plants. It’s easy to figure out the right distance when you use MH/HPS lights. Check with the LED manufacturer about how far this type of light should be kept from your plants. Over time, you’ll learn where the sweet spot is. That’s the distance that delivers just the right amount of light. Take advantage of it by training your plants.
Less Powerful Grow Lights: On the other hand, florescent lights and CFLs work best when they are closer to the plants. And by close we mean just a few inches away. Your plants won’t get enough light to flourish if they are kept any further away than this. Less powerful grow lights do work well for some cannabis growers. However, with these lights it is vital that plants are trained to be bushy and short.
Fortunately, you have the necessary tools at your fingertips. You can grow cannabis under low light conditions when you use the training techniques listed above. Even when you have small grow lights, you can harvest a great deal of bud by using plant training techniques.